The Klein Karoo area has, in terms of biodiversity, been recognised as an international biodiversity hotspot, where 3 biomes of global significance (Succulent Karoo, Fynbos and Subtropical Thicket) converge. In terms of the environment, this means that vegetation found in this area is highly unique and unfortunately also threatened.
The Ostrich Industry is the economic driver of the Klein Karoo. Ostrich farming practices over the past 100 years have significantly changed and impacted on the biodiversity of the Little Karoo. The industry does not deny that severe degradation has taken place, but strives to balance sustainable production and conservation in this sensitive area. Increased own and public awareness ( locally and internationally) are now forcing the industry to focus on ways to minimize the impact of domesticated ostriches on natural veld.